Monday, October 7, 2019

Week 10 Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1

Week 10 - Assignment Example Although evidence has shown us that human body and human mind interacts, intimately, and affect each other, it is however difficult to understand and explain how these two aspects of human person relates and interacts. (b): Interactionism. The interactionism theory holds that, although body and mind are separate, distinct and independent substances, they however exert causal effects on one another. What this in essence means is that although the human body is extended and the human mind unextended, the two however interact closely, whereby an effect in one of them causes the corresponding event in the other, despite the fact that the two aspects of human person do not touch each other. This theory was propounded by Rene Descartes. (c): Parallelism. Parallelism theory rules out any casual interaction between the mind and the body, but holds that there is a one-on-one correspondence between events of the body and events of the brain. According to this theory, it is not the mind or the body that first experiences a given event and then causes the event on the other aspect of the body; the mind and the body will experience the given event in their own way, although there will be a one-on-one correspondence in the event experienced by the body and the mind. (f): Double aspect theory. This theory views body and mental events and processes as two different aspects of one human person. According to this theory, mind and body are not separate and distinct substances. Mind and body are merely two different attributes of a unitary human person. Question 1: According to Descartes, the main difference between the body and the soul or mind lies in the fact that, while body is material and extended, the mind or the soul is immaterial and unextended. Descartes viewed body and soul as distinct and independent substances. Question 2: In his argument on the existent of physical objects, Rene Descartes had first of all to find the basis

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